map to enlarge and animate
Toronto Centre's West Satellite Sector (Airports Specialty) provides approach and departure
control for all IFR (instrument flight) aircraft arriving and departing
Waterloo Regional Airport.
traffic volumes, this sector will
often combine with
adjacent sectors (using 119.3) and be heard handling traffic in a wide area around
Toronto, including airports at Toronto City
Centre (Billy Bishop Airport), Buttonville and Hamilton, in addition to Waterloo.
There is a PAL site (a
peripheral frequency station) located at the Waterloo Regional Airport. This
PAL station relays the instructions from the air traffic controller in Toronto
Centre to any aircraft on his/her frequency. This provides
excellent frequency coverage in this area of Ontario, and also allows anyone with a scanner in the Waterloo
area to hear the ground based air traffic control transmissions originating in Toronto.
Satellite Sector - Ground up to 6000 feet - Pilot and Controller